The Sports Card Industry Is Having A Tech Revolution, And This Company Wants To Lead The Charge (2023)

The 1952 Mickey Mantle card moldering in Mom’s attic may soon be authenticated, graded, stored safely and sold at auction by a disruptive force called Collectors.

by Brett Knight

Nat Turner is practically skipping as he winds his way through the labyrinthine California headquarters of Collectors, the company he took private with a group of investors in February 2021. Wearing a blue hoodie and white sneakers, he gestures giddily at some of the most valuable sports cards on earth, sent to the company by dealers and collectors around the world and organized in thousands of small plastic boxes—“three football fields” of them, he says.

They’re everywhere, stacked on desks and on rolling shelving units, in makeshift rooms behind locked chain-link fences and in a secure vault protected by armed guards. Most feature familiar names, many of them sports legends who retired long before the 36-year-old CEO was born—Mickey Mantle, Hank Aaron, even Honus Wagner, perhaps the most iconic card on the planet.

These aren’t cards that have spent time flapping between bicycle spokes. The hobby has changed, and the evolution goes beyond the relative sterility of the Collectors environment, which is a bit of an upgrade from a shoebox in Mom’s attic. It isn’t just the once-unthinkable volume, either, with a backlog of more than five million cards for Collectors’ Professional Sports Authenticator division to certify as authentic and grade and thousands more arriving each day. And it’s not just the value of the cards, with $1.6 billion worth in the building on this recent Tuesday. (“It’s a museum meets Fort Knox,” says chief financial officer Jason Harinstein, only half-joking.)

No, the real tip-off to the transformation is the cameras peppered across the ceiling and mounted on employees’ desks, and the microchips in the card boxes that enable GPS location monitoring. It’s the QR codes on the card holders and the fleet of imaging machines that take high-resolution photos of each incoming and outgoing card. And it’s the computer-vision software helping researchers quickly identify the card’s year, maker and edition. That ’52 Mantle card is being tracked and cataloged from the moment it arrives until the moment it’s sent back to its owner, every step of the way.

Technology is changing the century-old trading-card market, just as it’s changing Collectors. Forbes can reveal that the company, with a recent name change from Collectors Universe, secured $100 million in new funding from its existing investors in January, pushing its valuation to $4.3 billion. That represents a five-fold increase from the roughly $850 million acquisition price last February, and an astounding 30-fold jump from the market cap at the stock’s low point two years ago.

C

ollectors, which is based southeast of Los Angeles in Santa Ana, was created as a holding company in 1999, but its history stretches back to the 1986 founding of Professional Coin Grading Service, more commonly known as PCGS, and the 1991 founding of Professional Sports Authenticator, or PSA. Both divisions are in the business of verifying that collectibles, whether they’re coins or trading cards or other sports memorabilia, are authentic and unaltered. They also judge physical condition, assigning a 1-through-70 score for coins and a 1-through-10 score for cards. Customers pay a fee, which at PSA ranges from $50 to $12,000 per submitted card, based on the item’s estimated value and whether it includes an autograph.

That might sound a bit silly. But prices for high-end collectibles have soared, and counterfeiting has become more sophisticated. Authenticators, including Collectors competitors like Beckett Grading Services and SGC, have become an indispensable part of the market. It’s not all that different from GIA certifications for diamonds, Moody’s credit ratings for corporate borrowers or Nielsen’s TV viewership numbers. The goal is to level the playing field with information.

(Video) Collectors Wants To Lead The Sports Card Industry Tech Revolution | Forbes

For card graders, that has included creating reports and registries to allow collectors to see just how rare their prized items are and price them accordingly. With the renewed emphasis on quality over quantity, the industry recovered from the “junk wax” era of the 1980s and ’90s, when massive overproduction by card manufacturers sent prices plummeting. Trading cards spent the last 20 years on a steady upward trajectory—until the pandemic.

“It was really a perfect storm,” Nathan Wolfe, Collectors’ vice president for corporate development, says of the last two years. Inflation fears, low interest rates and uncertainty around the stock and bond markets pushed investors toward alternative and tangible assets, even if they were cardboard rectangles smaller than index cards. Celebrities and influencers like entrepreneur Gary Vaynerchuk, rapper Drake and YouTube star Logan Paul spread the gospel on social media. Cancellations of in-person events forced fans to find other ways to engage with their passions. New categories of collectibles, including sneakers and non-fungible tokens, helped attract a younger demographic.

The card market skyrocketed. A one-of-a-kind Mike Trout rookie card sold for $3.9 million in August 2020, setting a record that was beaten five months later by a $5.2 million Mickey Mantle and then again the following August by a $6.6 million Honus Wagner. EBay, one of the largest marketplaces for trading cards, reported that the category grew 142% in 2020 and then said it sold more cards in the first six months of 2021 than in all of 2020.

Turner, Collectors’ CEO and chairman, offers up one more explanation for the surge. Young professionals moving back in with their parents during the pandemic were reintroduced to their childhood obsessions. He should know—he was among them.

Turner is one of the world’s top card collectors, with more than 15,000 graded cards that have collectively been appraised at over $100 million. But over the previous decade, he had begun to treat collecting more like an investment than a hobby.

As the pandemic lockdowns began in March 2020, Turner went back home to his parents’ and ended up staying for about six months. When his mother used the opportunity to tell him to get rid of the old cards he’d been storing there, it rekindled his passion.

He knew he would soon be leaving Flatiron Health, the electronic medical record company that he cofounded in 2012 and sold in 2018 (and the company that landed him on the 2015 Forbes 30 Under 30 list in the Healthcare category). While he planned to continue making venture-capital investments—eventually forming the fund Operator Partners with three friends—he decided that he wanted his next act to be in cards. His attention soon turned to Collectors, which, through PSA, had been his brand of choice. “It was them or bust,” Turner says.

There was just one problem: He could no longer afford the company. Shares had shot up amid sky-high demand for grading services and an activist campaign by Alta Fox Capital. In his search for investors to join him, Turner connected with D1 Capital Partners, which in turn put him in touch with hedge-fund titan (and New York Mets owner) Steve Cohen. “Once those two were in, we had the gunpowder to get aggressive,” Turner says of D1 and Cohen Private Ventures. That November, Collectors’ board approved the group’s bid of roughly $700 million.

(Video) The Sports Card Industry Is Having A Tech Revolution And This Company

The stock was so hot that it quickly overtook that price, however, and shareholders overwhelmingly rejected the deal. Seven shareholders then filed lawsuits (later voluntarily dismissed) that accused the board of breaching its fiduciary duty and making misleading projections in its recommendation. In January 2021, Turner’s group raised its offer by about $150 million, narrowly winning over shareholders. Turner admits, though, that he started second-guessing himself as the price climbed. He needed D1 to convince him that the deal still made sense.

Daniel Sundheim, the billionaire chief investment officer at D1, believed that a demographic shift toward younger collectors would keep demand high and that “these ratings businesses tend to have pretty wide moats,” he says. And with its PSA division, Collectors had a bigger lead than most. While competitors have their niches—Beckett with modern cards and SGC in pre-war cards, for instance—“PSA is the gold standard,” says Scott Keeney, who is best known for his entertainment work as DJ Skee but is also a prominent collector and a partner at Mint 10, a trading-card investment fund. For an idea of the respect PSA has among collectors, Rob Gough, an actor and entrepreneur who was the buyer in the record-setting Mickey Mantle sale of January 2021, estimates that PSA-graded cards get a 30% premium on the resale market.

While some collectors were suspicious about the change in PSA’s ownership, Gough and many others were optimistic. Turner was one of their own, and freeing the company from the demands of a dividends-paying public company would allow for long-overdue investments in its operations.

PSA and Collectors had plenty of work to do. Customers were frustrated with the turnaround time on their submissions. The company had never had a general counsel, or a head of human relations, or a financial planning and analysis team, or product managers. “The server for the website was just, like, in a conference room,” says PSA president Kevin Lenane, who joined the company when his machine-learning grading startup, Genamint, was acquired last year.

The issues came into particular focus as demand escalated. After years neglecting technology, the company had few options but to try to hire more graders to deal with the additional submissions. But the labor market was tight, and this was a position that required expertise. The submissions began to pile up.

When the take-private deal closed, PSA had a grading capacity of about 22,000 cards per day. Nearly 100,000 were coming in. The company tried to raise its submission fees to deter demand, but word got out that the change was coming, and that just made things worse as collectors tried to get their cards in before prices increased.

On a single day in late March, the company received 660,000 cards. “We literally broke the USPS in Southern California,” Turner says. “They called us and said they couldn’t manifest the boxes. I think we rented school buses with security guards and drove to USPS to pick them up.”

As the backlog approached 13 million cards, the company had to rent temporary storage space and kick employees out of private offices to make room for the new submissions. Overwhelmed, PSA announced last March 30 that it was suspending service at its lower tiers. That prompted an outcry from collectors, but the company saw the pause as an opportunity not only to catch up but to scale up.

(Video) Collectors Universe owner admits it Scams Customers by up-charging its clients

The process picked up speed after Turner, who held the chairman title, added the CEO role in July. Five acquisitions in 2021—including the Goldin auction house and WATA, which grades video games to be sold as collectibles—extended Collectors into new categories. The company is expanding its physical footprint as well, opening a 130,000-square-foot office in Jersey City, converting a card drop-off venue in Tokyo into a full-fledged grading center and adding 38,000 square feet of office space next door to the 145,000-square-foot Santa Ana headquarters, which is itself being reorganized. It’s also building an 11,000-square-foot vault in Delaware where, for a fee, it will store high-value cards on behalf of customers.

Collectors has budgeted for 680 net new positions in 2022, taking its total headcount to nearly 2,000. Turner, who remains based in New York City and travels to the California office every other week, says he’s also worked to fix an “upstairs-downstairs culture” that developed between management and employees, placing his own desk in the grading room.

But the top priority remains breaking the bottleneck in the grading. With help from a new internal training program known as Grading U, PSA now has more than 100 graders, up from 44 at the time of the acquisition and the 14 the division had for many years. That has almost tripled PSA’s capacity from a year ago, with 750,000 cards graded last month, according to the data website GemRate—miles ahead of the 82,000 and 64,000 estimated at rivals SGC and Beckett, respectively.

While Turner believes that humans will always have an important role to play in grading, he and his overhauled team of executives, pulled from companies like Microsoft and Netflix, see plenty of opportunities for technology to improve the process.

Collectors’ tech and product teams have been building a software platform they call Card Manager, taking a page from the Patient Manager software at Turner’s former company, Flatiron Health. The idea is that artificial intelligence can supplement the humans in the grading assembly line, quickly identifying cards, pulling up comparison images and running diagnostics—measuring the centering of the image on the card or the card’s dimensions, for instance. The software should even be able to “fingerprint” cards as it looks for unique anomalies in the surface, which will help detect alterations. And it can do that all at once.

Card holders will gain new security features. Future products might include an app that would allow a collector to generate a crude grade of their cards at home so they could figure out whether to spend the time and money on a professional grading service. The Collectors team is also considering NFTs—not necessarily to sell them as digital collectibles but to use them to improve the tracking and transacting of real-world items.

Ultimately, the goal is to reimagine the collecting experience.

“There’s a Henry Ford quote that is potentially not Henry Ford: ‘If I had asked my customers what they wanted, we would have had faster horses,’” chief technology officer Dan Tran says. “I was saying: Don’t even start with cars. Think about rockets.”

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The early returns have been strong. Collectors booked $300 million in top-line revenue in 2021 as a combined business—Goldin accounted for more than 20% of that total—with EBITDA close to $150 million. Stack those figures against the $78.9 million and $14.1 million from Collectors’ last full fiscal year as a public company, ending in June 2020.

Turner and his team see more growth ahead as Collectors vertically integrates. Ideally, a customer will submit a card for grading at PSA, store it in the Delaware vault and eventually sell it through the Goldin marketplace, without having to ship it back and forth. They’ll also be able to come to Collectors in other categories—coins, video games and potentially other memorabilia like action figures. “We can be more of a one-stop shop,” says Wolfe, the VP for corporate development.

Challenges remain, starting with the avalanche of demand. PSA still has not been able to reopen its cheapest tiers and has been rationing submissions through a lottery system at the $50-per-card level. Turner says he hopes to return to the normal submission process in the next few months, but all involved concede that the days of $12 service fees for low-end cards are over. On the high end, too, prices might need to increase. With cards now selling for millions of dollars, even a $10,000 fee isn’t worth the risk to Collectors that a card somehow gets damaged while in its possession. And although the company has whittled its backlog to about 5 million cards, there’s no guarantee it won’t start to pile up again.

Collectors is confident that its graders can still catch fakes, but counterfeiters are getting better, especially in places like Taiwan, and PSA has been fooled before. A 2019 scandal exposed corrupt collectors selling altered cards through the marketplace PWCC, many of which carried grades from PSA.

Then there’s the competition. SGC has taken advantage of PSA’s higher prices, particularly on the lower end, and smaller grading services like CSG and HGA are hoping to capitalize as well. New entrants are joining them. A year ago, Dallas Card Investors happily functioned as a bulk submitter, essentially working as a middleman between collectors and PSA. Now, says owner Bradley Crenshaw, it’s pivoting its business to become a grader itself.

The biggest risk, however, is future demand. The wild acceleration in prices has naturally raised worries that this is a bubble, perhaps particularly concerning to Collectors since cards began to outpace coins as a business segment only in the last couple of years. Already, card prices have crept down from the dizzying heights of a year ago.

Most people in the industry brush off those concerns, suggesting that the recent dip has been a natural correction as speculators have moved on and pointing out that prices remain high relative to their track record, even after 20 years of near-constant growth. This is the new normal, they say.

There is reason to believe them. Venture-capital money has poured into collectibles startups like Alt, StarStock and Whatnot, and innovators beyond Collectors are improving the industry infrastructure. Startups like Rally, Otis and Dibbs now offer fractionalization, selling shares of individual cards and opening the market for high-value items to collectors who couldn’t otherwise afford them. In January, Fanatics, the sports retail powerhouse, purchased card manufacturer Topps, and that could improve distribution, which remains lacking. The spread of legal sports gambling may also entice new customers looking for ways to invest in their passion.

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The team at Collectors certainly sees big things ahead, even if it means fundamentally rethinking a century-old industry.

“These guys are kind of a little bit unconstrained,” chief operating officer Mike West, who joined the company last year, says of his colleagues. “It’s: What should the hobby be?”

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FAQs

Who is Nat Turner PSA? ›

Nat is CEO of Collectors, a holding company focused on the collectibles industry. Collectors owns and operates leading services in collectibles such as PSA (trading card grading), PCGS (coin grading), Wata Games (video game grading), and Goldin (marketplace).

Is SGC as good as PSA? ›

In closing both PSA and SGC are great grading companies for sports cards. However, you must take the time to research both companies based on the card or cards you are looking to have graded. As you see above, a PSA 10 2014 Bowman Chrome Mookie Betts outsold a SGC 10 2014 Bowman Chrome Mookie Betts by $66 dollars.

Is PSA grading cards again? ›

PSA has just announced that it has officially caught up with all its backloaded cards for grading. What began as a temporary suspension in March 2021, has now ended thanks to a capacity expansion.

How much does Ludex cost? ›

To create a digital portfolio, users must subscribe to one of two plans starting at $20 a month or $180 for an annual subscription. Ludex scans and tracks valuations for baseball cards, Pokémon cards, and Magic the Gathering cards.

Who bought PSA card? ›

THE NEW OWNER: Nat Turner, 34, is an a tech entrepreneur known for selling Flatiron Health, his software company that focuses on data science, for 2 billion dollars. Turner is a big sports card collector, too, loving high-end basketball cards.

Who bought out PSA? ›

The combined airline became one of the world's largest. US Airways was acquired by America West Airlines in 2005 in a reverse merger, and the combined airline purchased American Airlines in 2015.
...
Pacific Southwest Airlines.
IATA ICAO Callsign PS PSA PSA
HeadquartersSan Diego, California, U.S.
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Is PSA grading worth? ›

A PSA graded card (or Beckett or SGC) is going to increase the value, especially if the grade is high. For selling a card, especially on ebay, grading an expensive vintage card is almost certain to bring more money.

Is SGC a good company? ›

Since 1998, SGC has been a well-established leader in the authentication and grading of trading cards. Our ability to provide accurate and consistent grades in a timely manner is a service that is unique to the card-collecting community and has made SGC one of the pillars of card grading for over 23 years.

Is SGC Grading valuable? ›

The resale value and the quality of the grading all point in the same direction. SGC has earned its place as the third-placed grading company in the business. With their grading solid and unforgiving, there is no particular reason why their cards should resell at lower values than their BGS or PSA equivalents.

How much does it cost to get 100 cards PSA graded? ›

PSA Grading Cost

Value: $30/card. Economy: $50/card. Regular: $100/card. Express: $200.

Will PSA prices go down 2022? ›

PSA prices have decreased in 2022, with the latest update being a $18/card special for July to celebrate the National Convention. This comes shortly after the June announcement that the Value service level of $30/card has returned.

What cards will PSA no grade? ›

PSA will not grade cards that bear evidence of trimming, re-coloring, restoration, or any other forms of tampering, or are of questionable authenticity.

Is there an app to scan Sports Cards for value? ›

CollX (pronounced “collects”) answers the question every collector has: “What's it worth?” The app lets you scan any baseball, football, basketball, hockey, soccer, or wrestling card and instantly identify it and get the average market value.

Is Alt card app legit? ›

The company provides a GOAT-like marketplace for the cards, authenticating the transactions and providing buyers with the peace of mind that the slice of cardboard they're dropping several thousands of dollars on is no fake.

What is Alt for sports cards? ›

There's a new platform for sports card trading, and it's coming from a collector who knows the struggles of growing and maintaining a collection in the modern age. Leore Avidar created “Alt” to increase transparency and liquidity for alternative assets.

Are sports card prices dropping? ›

Sports cards are not dead, however there has been a market correction in 2022. Popular sports cards like Panini and Optic have plummeted in value. However, even with this market correction, it's still possible to make money from sports cards in 2022. Reselling cards is not dead in 2022, it's just changed.

Why did PSA shut down? ›

But then PSA — the leading grading company in the industry since its inception in 1991 — was hit with what Nat Turner, executive chairman of Collectors Universe, PSA's parent company, called a tsunami. Millions upon millions of cards came into PSA, and the company couldn't keep up.

Is PSA getting sued? ›

Category: Consumer News. Professional Sports Authenticator (PSA) has been hit with a class action lawsuit by a baseball card collector who claims that the appraisal company knowingly graded altered cards and sold them at auctions.

Is collecting sports cards a good investment? ›

Are sports cards a good investment? Sports cards can be a good investment, but the majority of your investments should be in traditional vehicles like the stock market. Investing in sports cards can be a way to monetize your hobby.

Is PSA and PCGS the same company? ›

Current participating companies include two subsidiaries of Collectors Universe, Professional Sports Authenticator (PSA) and Professional Coin Grading Service (PCGS).

Who owns PSA card grading? ›

Collectors Universe

Are PSA 9 worth buying? ›

If it's grading mostly PSA 10's (like with Red's Pikachu and some other modern cards), then getting a PSA 9 is just not worth it. If it's evenly balanced or there are less 10's, it may not be a bad value proposition. If 9s and 10s are both pretty scarce for that card, but the 10 is way more pricey, go for the 9.

Is it worth buying a PSA 8? ›

Many people who buy graded PSA cards only focus on 9s and 10s. Those are the 'Mint' and 'Gem Mint' grades. Some people claim that a PSA 8 — 'Near Mint' — holds significant value compared to lower numbers but historically it doesn't perform well at all when compared to PSA 9s and 10s.

Does PSA wipe before grading? ›

No, PSA and other grading services do not clean your cards as they get them. They will grade your cards as they receive them, which means that you should pay extra attention to the cleanliness of your cards before sending them out to these services.

Which card grading company is best? ›

There are still only three companies that I'd recommend exploring as viable grading options: PSA, BGS, and SGC.
...
BGS:
  • Premium submissions: 2-5 Business Days, $250/card.
  • Express submissions: 5-8 Business Days, $150/card.
  • Standard submissions: 10-15 Business Days, $50/card.
  • Economy submissions: 30-40 Business Days, $35/card.
6 Sept 2022

Is Beckett or PSA better? ›

Why go for BGS. While PSA gets the lion's share from consumers, Beckett Grading Services is no slouch in the grading industry either. This company has two advantages over its main competitor: a better-looking label and a faster turnaround time. Most BGS slabs sport a multi-detail label at the top.

Which is better BGS or SGC? ›

Advantage: Lower value cards SGC has the slight advantage, however BGS has the overall advantage based on their prices, their sale prices of cards and their overall grading fees.

How much does it cost to get a card graded by Beckett? ›

Beckett Grading Services Pricing

The BGS Standard service carries $30 with no sub-grades and $50 with sub-grades. For their Economy service with no sub-grades, a card commands $20/card and $35/card with sub-grades. Express services cost $100/card with no sub-grades and $150/card with sub-grades.

Are PSA graded cards worth more than Beckett? ›

Without a doubt, PSA is the biggest name when it comes to grading and authentication services. Collectors have flocked to this company to have their respective cards graded. One good reason for this trend is because a PSA-graded card, more often than not, sells higher than its BGS counterpart.

Is Beckett cheaper than PSA? ›

On the other hand, BGS (Beckett) has some advantages going for it, too. It's cheaper and (usually) faster than PSA. It has the sub-grading system in place, so you can get a score of 9.5, for example.

How much is a PSA 7 worth? ›

The price range for PSA 6 or 7 examples of this card is between $160 and $290. As this card falls below the $499 threshold, it should be submitted at the Economy level.

How can I get cards graded for free? ›

I'll just get this out of the way now—when it comes to getting cards graded for free, you can't.
...
This situation is no different, and when looking at the cost of grading a card, this is what you can expect:
  1. PSA: $50/card.
  2. BGS: $35/card.
  3. SGC: $30/card.
24 Sept 2022

What is the rarest PSA 10 card? ›

In April 2022, it was confirmed that Logan Paul paid $5.275 million for a PSA grade 10 Pikachu Illustrator card. The Illustrator card, given out to 39 winners of the 1997 and 1998 Pokémon illustration contests, is extremely rare. Only 23 have been certified by the PSA, and only one has been given a PSA rating of 10.

Will PSA bulk ever come back? ›

A 10-card minimum per submission order is required with a declared value limit of $199 per card. These orders will also have a 120-day estimated turnaround time. Today, September 8, 2022, marks the return of PSA's Bulk service level at $22 per card, an option being offered exclusively to Collectors Club members.

Will PSA prices go back to normal? ›

PSA continues to devote over 80% of our resources to processing the backlog. Due to continuous capacity expansion, we are now able to bring back the 'Regular' Service Level. With the return of Regular, PSA is taking another step towards bringing back lower priced service levels in 2022.

Will PSA bring back bulk? ›

Bulk grading initially cost $8-$10 dollars per card in 2018, depending on the amount of cards submitted. This service was discontinued in 2020 due to skyrocketing demand that PSA could not keep up with. In September of 2022 PSA brought back bulk grading, but at more than double the previous prices at $22 per card.

What does a PSA 8 look like? ›

Near Mint to Mint or NM/MT (PSA 8 or SGC 88):

A NM/MT card will appear as a MINT card to the naked eye, but may have a little lesser centering and a light touch of wear that may be visible on a corner upon close examination. A NM/MT card should have no surface flaws, bends, creases or stains on the front or back.

Is PSA Grade 7 GOOD? ›

As the grade number gets lower, the flaws on the trading card become more and more noticeable. PSA Near-Mint 7, Excellent-Mint 6, and Excellent 5 graded trading cards display poor focus, printing issues, chipping on the edges, surface scratches, and rounded corners.

What does MK mean on graded card? ›

Card Qualifier: MK (Marks) – Check baseball area. PSA-graded cards are sometimes found with qualifiers attached to the number grade to identify specific imperfections around qualities such as centering and staining.

How much is a Michael Cooper card worth? ›

Michael Cooper Basketball Trading Card Values
1980 Topps Single Panel #137 Michael Cooper
1989 Fleer #75 Michael Cooper$0.28
1989 NBA Hoops Hoops #187 Michael Cooper$0.34
1990 Fleer #90 Michael Cooper$0.34
1990 NBA Hoops Hoops #153 Michael Cooper$0.34
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Are sports cards worth selling? ›

Are Sports Cards Still Worth Money? Yes, sports cards are still worth money, but not immediately. You won't be able to walk into a shop, hand over your collection, and walk out with a ton of cash most of the time. There's a process if you want to sell your cards, and only some cards are going to be worth selling.

Are digital sports cards worth anything? ›

While most digital baseball cards aren't worth much, some have value. Last year, for instance, a Tops Hi-Tech signature card of Los Angeles Angels outfielder Mike Trout sold on eBay for $550. Digital card collecting is now embracing fans of the UFC and WWE.

How do you sell cards on Alt? ›

Listing Made Easy
  1. Vault it. Send your assets to the ALT Vault and list them directly from your portfolio.
  2. List it. Choose between Fixed Price or Liquid Auctions.
  3. Share it. Share your listing with your network using our professional-grade photo.
  4. Sell it. Funds show up in your account immediately after sale.

What is Alt investing? ›

Alternative investments are supplemental strategies to traditional long-only positions in stocks, bonds, and cash. Alternative investments include investments in five main categories: hedge funds, private capital, natural resources, real estate, and infrastructure.

What is card ladder? ›

About Card Ladder

Card Ladder is an online platform for trading card sales and trading card population data. Its platform helps trading card collectors build and manage their collections.

What does TTV mean in sports cards? ›

Sell Value. Describes the value at which someone is willing to sell the card for. TV. trade value. Describes the value at which someone is willing to trade the card for.

What does PMG mean in sports cards? ›

Precious Metal Gems, “PMGs” for short, was released in 1997 as part of the larger Skybox Metal Universe basketball and football card sets. Since then, PMGs from the 1997–98 basketball set have become some of the most iconic and collectible inserts in the hobby.

What are the hot sports cards? ›

#1 Hottest Sports Cards Right Now – Julio Rodriguez, Seattle Mariners
  • 2019 Bowman Chrome Prospect Julio Rodriguez.
  • 2022 Topps Series 2 Julio Rodriguez Short Print RC.
27 Jul 2022

What kind publication is it Nat Turner? ›

Presented as a first-person narrative by historical figure Nat Turner, the novel concerns Nat Turner's slave rebellion in Virginia in 1831, but does not always depict the events accurately.
...
The Confessions of Nat Turner.
First edition cover
AuthorWilliam Styron
LanguageEnglish
PublisherRandom House
Publication date1967
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Who is the CEO of PSA grading? ›

JOE ORLANDO: In my previous professional life, I spent 22 years at Collector's Universe, mainly at PSA. Started in the summer of 1999. Spent 16-plus years running PSA, continuing almost full decades. Then in October 2017, became CEO of Collectors Universe.

Who is the CEO of PSA? ›

President/CEO, PSA Airlines Co Inc.

Is PSA owned by Collectors Universe? ›

Card Ladder will remain agnostic in regards to data and grading sources, even as part of Collectors Universe, which owns PSA, a large grading and authentication service.

When did Nat Turner's rebellion happen? ›

How did Nat Turner escape slavery? ›

He frequently had visions which he interpreted as messages from God, and these visions influenced his life. At age 21, he escaped from his enslaver, Samuel Turner. After becoming delirious from hunger and receiving a vision which told him to "return to the service of my earthly master", he returned a month later.

What was the effect of Nat Turner's rebellion? ›

Nat Turner's rebellion led to the passage of a series of new laws. The Virginia legislature actually debated ending slavery, but chose instead to impose additional restrictions and harsher penalties on the activities of both enslaved and free African Americans.

Did PSA stop grading? ›

As a result, PSA stopped grading Star cards all together. After PSA stopped grading Star cards, BGS was the only company on the market qualified to grade them. From 1983-1986, Star was the only company that held a licensing agreement with the NBA. After which point the agreement was handed over to Fleer.

When did PSA shut down? ›

Back on March 30, PSA Authentication and Grading Services, a company long considered the gold standard in the sports card collectibles grading field, shut down several of its services. The reason: It was overwhelmed with customer demand.

How much is PSA company worth? ›

The average share price of PSA during the week 42-2022 = $294.47. Product of above two values = $51.926 Billion.

Does PSA own Ferrari? ›

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) and Groupe PSA, recently announced completing their 50:50 merger, forming a new company - Stellantis. However, the Italian sports car marque Ferrari is not part of the newly formed company and we are here to tell you why.

Are PSA 9 worth collecting? ›

PSA 9s are worth 2x as much as the raw card.

Much like the BGS, the Steve Nash rookie had the most significant difference in value. In that case, the 9 was worth 2.5x as much as the raw.

Are PSA 1 cards worth anything? ›

And as a PSA 1, the card is worth about $80. That means after paying the grading fees, shipping and insurance, and potential auction fees, you may net $40-50 if you sell it. And you could sell the card for that much without grading it.

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